Shop Mobile More Submit  Join Login
:icontypewriter-nplz::icontypewriter-eplz::icontypewriter-wplz::icontypewriter-splz:
:icontypewriter-oplz::icontypewriter-fplz:  :icontypewriter-tplz::icontypewriter-hplz::icontypewriter-eplz:
:icontypewriter-mplz::icontypewriter-oplz::icontypewriter-nplz::icontypewriter-tplz::icontypewriter-hplz:


Hello, everyone! :wave:

So, Coconut-CocaCola proposed us to make some news on archeology, History or mythology, for everyone could know incredible archeological discoveries or awesome historical places, towns, etc. ... Thank you for this very good idea, and we are now beginning with our first journal! =D

We’ll post a journal every month, me or RaynalJacquemin, and it will be divided in two parts:
- the first part will talk about archeological discovery or mythology
- the second part will talk about History or historical figures.

This “newspaper” is created so that everyone can learn more about numerous civilizations or historical periods. I hope that you will like this journal and it will be a good way for sharing knowledge and passions, with the best respect for others, of course. :highfive:

As the founder of this group, I begin this journal with events of my city! :p

Good reading! :)

PS: I don’t own any pictures.

:iconblackdivider1plz::iconblackdivider2plz::iconblackdivider3plz::iconblackdivider4plz::iconblackdivider5plz::iconblackdivider6plz::iconblackdivider7plz::iconblackdivider8plz::iconblackdivider9plz:


ARCHEOLOGICAL DISCOVERY AT AURILLAC: ABBEY’S REMAINS EMERGE



On Wednesday 13th November 2013, in Aurillac, capital of the Cantal (Auvergne’s department), in France, archeologists discovered incredible ruins near abbey church Saint Géraud d’Aurillac (Saint Gerald of Aurillac). This abbey was founded in IXth century by Count of Aurillac, Gerald of Aurillac (or Saint Gerald, born in 855 in Aurillac and died in 909 in Cenezac).

Preventive excavations, required before to build a new underground parking in this place, revealed remains of the Benedictine monastery, destroyed and buried during many centuries!

According to archeologists, the ruins are ancient dormitories, scriptorium*, or refectory, with cloister.

However, it’s not the original abbey of IXth century which was discovered, because it was in wood; but it’s that of late XIth century. Indeed, the abbey and the church were undergoing many renovations (above all the church).
Ruins are significant, because we’ve discovered walls (1.5 or 2 meters of elevation), vaults, and floors in perfect preservation. Cluny, Benedictine abbey, was founded in 909-910 and using as model Saint-Gerald of Aurillac, her “old sister”. Cluny’s remains are less important than Saint-Gerald, according to French archeologist Nicolas CLEMENT, director of excavations at Aurillac. Indeed, Cluny’s ruins are only composed of abbey bedrocks, contrary to Aurillac. Experts plan to register these ruins in Historical Monuments of the region (Auvergne).

Aurillac’s mayor and specialists are enthusiastic about this discovery and want to develop these ruins in order to enhance city’s prestige. Indeed, in Middle Age, the town had a large cultural influence in Europe; and Gerbert of Aurillac (pope Sylvester II) had studied in this monastery. It was also said that’s a property of the Pope since IXth century; but during French Wars of Religion, Protestants invaded Aurillac and sacked Saint-Gerald’s church. Abbey was gradually abandoned and in the Napoleonic era, stones of monastery was used for others constructions. Since this period, gardens overlaid building.

Excavations will continue in May 2014 and Aurillac inhabitants are very interested in this, asking archeologists many questions and participating in conferences about remains.

*Scriptorium : room in monasteries where monastic scribes copied manuscripts of Antiquity.

For these who want to see in French with a video: PAGE OF THE NEWS


:iconblackdivider1plz::iconblackdivider2plz::iconblackdivider3plz::iconblackdivider4plz::iconblackdivider5plz::iconblackdivider6plz::iconblackdivider7plz::iconblackdivider8plz::iconblackdivider9plz:



:

GERBERT OF AURILLAC (POPE SYLVESTER II)



Picture

Gerbert of Aurillac was born between 945 and 950 in Belliac (Map), near the commune of Saint-Simon and near town of Aurillac, Cantal, in France and died on the 12th May 1003 in Rome.
He wasn’t a noble and he wasn't ashamed to say it. He was an excellent student, scholar and teacher in philosophy and mathematics, whether in France, in Spain or in Holy Roman Empire or Rome. He’s known with the name Sylvester II, the first French Pope of History, from 2 April 999 to his death, on 12th May 1003. Legend said he was the first to introduce the Arabic numerals in Europe, with the decimal numeral system.

Some legends circulate about Gerbert by his enemies. For example, he was accused of having studied astrology and magical arts at Córdoba, Seville (Islamic cities) and at the University of Al-Karaouine in Morocco. Plus, he was accused to having made a pact with Devil in order to become Pope. He was supposed to have brazen head, which he had built, a strange head would answer every question with “yes” or “no”. This object was destroyed after his death.

Around 963, Gerbert entered the abbey of Saint Gerald of Aurillac. It was rumored that the monks of this monastery spotted him while he was using a stick to observe the sky and stars. He learned the liberal arts. Later, in 967, the Count of Barcelona Borrell II (947-992) visited the abbey for worship Saint Gerald's relics and abbot of Saint Gerald proposes to Borrell II to take Gerbert to give the boy a chance to study mathematics and some knowledge of Arab science. The future scientist studied with Bishop of Vic, Atto, in Spain, and probably also at monastery Santa Maria de Ripoll, a very important place at this era. Gerbert was very interested by ancient culture and authors like Aristotle, Cicero, Virgil or Boethius. For this, Gerbert was considered like a humanist, well before Erasmus and the Renaissance. He learn about decimal numeral system, used by Arab merchants, and reintroducing abacus*, the “abacus of Gerbert”.  

In 969, he made a pilgrimage to Rome with Borrell II, met Pope John XIII (965-972) and the Holy Roman Emperor, Otto I the Great (936-973). The Emperor employed Gerbert as tutor for his son, the future Otton II (973-983).

In 972, Gerbert went to Reims and Adalberon, the Archishop of Reims, allowed him to become a teacher. There, Gerbert stood out for his scientific knowledge and reintroduced some lost tools after Vikings and Saracens invasions: abacus, armillary sphere*, hydraulic-powered organ… He had prestigious students like Robert the Pious (future Robert II of France) or Fulbert of Chartres. With Adalberon, Gerbert worked to restore the European empire like Charlemagne’s empire.  

In 982, Gerbert became abbot of Bobbio (Italy) by Otto II to avoid Italian aristocrats to control monasteries. There, he managed the richest library in the Western Europe.
But after the death of Otto II in 983, Gerbert was involved in politics, and was expulsed of cathedral school of Reims by monks who didn’t support Benedictine rule. He supported Otto III (983-1002) against Lothair of France’s (954-968) and with the Archbishop of Reims, he participated in the election of Hugh Capet, King of France.
However, after the death of Adalberon of Reims, Gerbert elected his successor after deposition of Arnulf, Lothair’s illegitimate son. But Pope John XV and Hugh Capet chose Arnulf in a synod, forcing Gerbert to leave Reims. So, he taught Otto III and Pope Gregory V chose him as the Archbishop of Ravenna in 998.

Finally, with the Emperor’s support, Gerbert was elected Pope in 999, taking the name of Sylvester II, commemorating the advisor to the first Christian Roman Emperor Constantine I (324-337), Sylvester I, Pope from 314 to 335. He fought against simony* and concubinage of the clergy.
But in 1001, the Roman populace revolted against Otto III and Sylvester II fled. After the Emperor’s death, Pope returned to Rome and died a little later. Sylvester II was buried Saint John Lateran. According to the legend, water destroyed the sarcophagus just when Pope died, but in 1648, during reconstruction of Saint John Lateran, the sarcophagus was opened to verify Sylvester II's reputation as a wizard. However, once the corpse perfectly kept was exposed to air, he was reduced to ashes.  
The mystery around Pope’s death continues to live. Indeed, after the first attempted assassination of Pope John Paul II, Romans was reassured about the Pope’s health because Gerbert’s sarcophagus didn’t trickle.

*Abacus: calculating tool using centuries by merchants.

*Armillary sphere: spherical frameworks of rings, centred on Earth and representing lines of celestial longitudes and latitudes.

*Simony: offence against the law of the church. It concerns every forms of trafficking for money in sacrament or ecclesiastical benefice.
Welcome everyone !:wave:

For French: HERE
For Spanish: HERE

Welcome in the group Archeology-Mythology whose, as title says, will be focused on all ancient civilizations!=D

This group is created with only aim: gather people interested in archeology, even if you are amateurs, lovers, or archeologists (who knows?)!

We speak three languages: French, Spanish and English. Please, communicate with one of these languages!

So, we can “watch” the group, which only allows you to see artworks submitted in the community; or else we can also become member or contributor! For this, a little click “Join the group” is enough, choosing good category!

Therefore, we can submit your works, or suggest favourites!

If you are a question, don’t hesitate to ask me, via group note; or simply sending me this dA note :note: on my profile GueparddeFeu, or even on RaynalJacquemin’s profile, co-founder.

:police:WARNING! This group is created for sharing our artworks and others work with an intellectual and INTELLIGENT purpose, with a total respect for others! This community can accept people with different customs, languages and traditions: thus, all racists and/or fanatics words and acts should be banned! It seems to me that self-respect begins by respect for others!

Thank you for taking the necessary conditions!:police:


For group rules, I write here those, in my opinion, are the most important to respect:

- don’t submit sloppy, dirty, unfinished etc. artworks

- don’t play “haters” :angered:and, thus, disrespect administrators and other members, as I’ve already say

- don’t steal work of others!

That is, I think I said everything for the moment!

Don’t forget to consult regularly group rules, because I would add other rules (it’ll report with this symbol :new:).

Maybe I’ll organize some contests, if I can. By the way, we can propose me contests, if you want! :boogie: I’ll be happy to create a contest with you!=D

I hope we’ll have fun in this group!

See you later.
¡Bienvenidos a todos!:wave:

¡Que sean bienvenidos en mi grupo Archeology-Mythology que, como lo indica su nombre, tendrá por axa central todo lo que es relacionado con las civilizaciones antiguas!=D

¡Este grupo nació con la única meta de juntar a las personas interesadas por la arqueología, que sean aficionados, apasionados, hasta arqueólogos (¿quien sabe?)!

Hablemos tres idiomas: francés, español e inglés. ¡Entonces, se puede comunicar con estos idiomas!

¡Pues, se puede seguir el grupo, lo que permite solamente ver a las obras puestas en la comunidad; más bien, también ustedes pueden ser miembro o moderador! ¡Por eso, un simple clic “Join the group”, elegiendo en la categoría correspondiente, sobra!

¡Desde ese momento, se tiene la posibilidad de mandar sus obras, o sugerir favorito!

Para toda pregunta, no se debe dudar en pedírmelo, por una nota de grupo: o simplemente escribiéndome esta misma nota :note: en mi perfil GueparddeFeu o también a RaynalJacquemin, co-fundador.

:police:¡CUIDADO!¡Ese grupo está hecho para compartir nuestras obras y otros trabajos con una meta intelectual e INTELIGENTE, con respeto total de los demás! Esa comunidad puede aceptar gentes de costumbres, idiomas y tradiciones diversas: por consecuente, todas palabras o actos racistas e/o fanáticos no serán aceptados! Me parece que el respeto de si mismo empieza por el de ajeno.

¡Les agradezco de ante mano para ser prudentes!:police:


En cuanto a las reglas del grupo, voy a escribir ahí las que me parecen más importantes respetar:

- no poner una obra no terminada, sucia, etc.

- no jugar “los molestados” :anger:, y faltar de respeto para con los administradores y los demás miembros, como ya está dicho más arriba

- ¡no robar el trabajo de ajeno ¡

¡Ya esta, me parece haber notado a todo ahí ¡

No se olviden consultar regularmente las reglas del grupo, por el acaso donde yo pondría otras reglas (que serán notificadas por ese símbolo :new:).

Tal vez organizare concursos, si tengo la ocasión. ¡Ustedes podrán aun proponerme sus ideas si tales son sus ganas! :boogie: ¡Seré feliz establecer un concurso con ustedes! =D

¡Les deseo un lindo viaje en ese grupo!


Hasta pronto.
Bonjour à tous! :wave:

Soyez les bienvenus dans le groupe Archeology-Mythology qui, comme son nom l'indique, aura pour axe central tout ce qui relié aux antiques civilisations!=D

Ce groupe est né dans l'unique but de rassembler les personnes intéressées par l'archéologie, que vous soyez amateurs, passionnés, voire archéologues (qui sait ?)!

Nous parlons trois langues qui sont les suivantes : le français, l'espagnol et l'anglais. Veuillez donc communiquer dans un des ces idiomes, s'il vous plaît!

Vous pouvez donc "watcher" le groupe, ce qui vous permet seulement de voir les travaux postés dans la communauté; ou bien vous pouvez aussi devenir membre ou contributeur! Pour cela, un simple clic "Join the group", en choisissant la catégorie correspondante, suffit! :dance:
Dès lors, vous aurez la possibilité de poster vos travaux, ou de suggérer des favoris!

Si vous avez la moindre petite question, n'hésitez pas à me la poser, via une note de groupe; ou tout simplement en m'envoyant cette même note DA :note: sur mon profil GueparddeFeu, ou même à RaynalJacquemin, co-fondateur.

:police: ATTENTION ! Ce groupe est fait pour partager nos oeuvres et autres travaux dans un but intellectuel et INTELLIGENT, dans le respect des autres le plus total! Cette communauté peut accepter des gens de coutumes, langues et traditions diverses: par conséquent, toutes paroles et actes racistes et/ou fanatiques est à bannir! Il me semble que le respect de soi-même commence par celui d'autrui.
Je vous remercie d'avance pour prendre les précautions nécessaires!:police:


Pour ce qui est des règles du groupe, je vais écrire ici celles qui me semblent les plus importantes à respecter:

- ne pas poster un travail bâclé, sale, à moitié fini, etc...

- ne pas jouer aux "rageux" :angered: et, donc, manquer de respect aux administrateurs et aux autres membres, comme dit plus haut

- ne pas voler le travail d'un autre Deviant!

Voilà, il me semble avoir fait le tour pour le moment!

N'oubliez pas de consulter régulièrement le règlement du groupe, dans le cas où je mettrais d'autres règles (qui sont signalés par ce symbole :new:).

J'organiserais peut-être des concours, si j'en ai l'occasion. Vous pouvez même d'ailleurs m'en proposer, si jamais le coeur vous en dit! :boogie: Je serais ravie d'établir un concours avec vous! =D

J'espère que vous passerez un bon moment dans ce groupe!

A bientôt.

Recent Journal Entries

Journal Writers